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Tuesday, July 31, 2012

School Accreditation


To upgrade and improve every aspect of the school, it must be subject to accreditation.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Establishment of Schools; 


Section 29. Voluntary Accreditation - The Ministry shall encourage programs of voluntary accreditation for institution which desire to meet standards of quality over and above minimum required for State

Monday, July 30, 2012

Effects of Government Recognition

The privilege of recognized private schools. 


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Establishment of Schools; 



Section 28. Effects of Recognition; Punishable Violations - The issuance of a certificate of recognition to a school shall have the following effects:
1. It transforms the temporary permit to a permanent authority to operate;
2. It entitled the school or college to give the students who have completed the course for which recognition is granted, a certificate, title or diploma; and
3. It shall entitle the students who have graduated from said recognized course or courses to all the benefits and privileges enjoyed by graduates in similar courses of studies in all schools recognized by the government.

Sunday, July 29, 2012

Government Recognition to Private Schools

Every private schools is subject to government recognition.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Establishment of Schools; 



Section 27. Recognition of Schools - The educational operations of schools shall be subject to their prior authorization of the government, and shall be affected by recognition. In the case of government operated schools, whether local, regional, or national, recognition of educational programs and/or operations shall be deemed granted simultaneously with establishment.
In all other case the rules and regulations governing recognition shall be prescribed and enforced by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports defining therein who are qualified to apply, providing for a

Saturday, July 28, 2012

Public and Private Schools

Definition of Schools, Public, and Private.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Establishment of School; 



Section 26. Definition of Terms - The terms used in this Chapter are defined as follows:
1. "Schools" are duly established institutions of learning or educational institutions.
2. "Public Schools" are educational institutions established and administered by the government.

Friday, July 27, 2012

Establishment of Schools

The Law that pertains on establishment of schools.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Establishment of School; 


Section 25. Establishment of Schools - All schools shall be established in accordance with law. The establishment of new national schools and the conversion of existing schools from elementary to national secondary or tertiary schools shall be by law: Provided, That any private school proposed to be established must incorporate as an non-stock educational corporation in accordance with the provisions of the Corporation Code of the Philippines. This requirement to incorporate may be waived in the case

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Specialized Educational System

The provision on specialized educational system and their coverage..

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System under Non-Education and Specialized Educational Services;  

Section 24. Specialized Educational Service - The State further recognizes its responsibility to provide, within the context of the formal education system, services to meet special needs of certain clientele. These specific types, which shall be guided by the basic policies of the State embodied in the General Provisions of this Act, include:
1. "Work Education," or "Practical Arts," as a program of basic education which aims to develop the right attitudes towards work; and "technical-vocational education," post-secondary but non-degree programs leading to one, two, or three year certificates in preparation for a group of middle-level occupations.
2. "Special Education," the education of persons who are physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, or culturally different from the so-called "normal" individuals that they require modification of school practices/services to develop them to their maximum capacity; and
3. "Non-formal Education," any organized school-based educational activities undertaken by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports and other agencies aimed at attaining specific learning objectives for a particular clientele, especially the illiterates and the out-of-school youth and adults, distinct from and outside the regular offerings of the formal school system.
The objectives of non-formal education are as follows:

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Objectives of Tertiary Education

Tertiary education is as important as the elementary and secondary. They almost have same objectives, to provide better education

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational Systems under Formal Education;  

Section 23. Objective of Tertiary Education. - The objectives of tertiary education are:
1. To provide a general education program that will promote national identity, cultural consciousness, moral integrity and spiritual vigor;
2. To train the nation's manpower in the skills required for national development;
3. To develop the professions that will provide leadership for the nation; and

Monday, July 23, 2012

Objectives of Secondary Education

Knowing the essence of secondary education..

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System in Formal Education;  

Section 22. Objectives of Secondary Education. - The objectives of secondary education are:
1. To continue to promote the objectives of elementary education; and
2. To discover and enhance the different aptitudes and interests of the students so as to equip

Objectives of Elementary Education

Knowing the main objective of elementary education, its purpose..


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational Community under Educational Systems;  

Section 21. Objectives of Elementary Education - The objectives of elementary education are:
1. To provide the knowledge and develop the skills, attitudes, and values essential to personal development and necessary for living in and contributing to a developing and changing social milieu;
2. To provide learning experiences which increase the child's awareness of and responsiveness to the changes in and just demands of society and to prepare him for constructive and effective involvement;
3. To promote and intensify the child's knowledge of, identification with, and love for the nation and the people to which he belongs; and

Thursday, July 19, 2012

Definitions of Formal Education

The definitions will set the boundaries and the included aspect covered by it.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System in Formal Education;  



Section 20. Definition - "Formal Educational" refers to the hierarchically structured and chronologically graded learning organized and provided by the formal school system and for which certification is required in order for the learner to progress through the grades or move to higher levels. Formal education shall correspond to the following levels:
1. Elementary Education. - the first stage of compulsory, formal education primarily concerned with providing basic education and usually corresponding to six or seven grades, including pre-school programs.
2. Secondary Education. - the state of formal education following the elementary level concerned primarily with continuing basic education and expanding it to include the learning of employable gainful skills, usually corresponding to four years of high school.

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Declaration of Policy

The policy is one of the guidelines to see to it that proper execution is being maintain, without it the direction of process in school management will not be possible.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational System in Formal Education;  

Section 19. Declaration of Policy. - The State recognizes that formal education, or the school system, in society's primary learning system, and therefore the main instrument for the achievement of the

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Obligation of Academic Non-Teachimg


The Obligations of Non-Teaching Personnel to himself and in school.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
General Provisions for the Educational Community under Duties and Obligations; 
Section 18. Obligations of Academic Non-Teaching Personnel - Academic non-teaching personnel shall:
1. Improve himself professionally be keeping abreast of the latest trends and techniques in his profession.
2. Assume, promote and maintain an atmosphere conducive to service and learning.

Monday, July 16, 2012

School Administrator Obligation

The duties and obligation that must be perform by school administrator.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
General Provisions for the Educational Community under Duties and Obligations; 
Section 17. School Administrators' Obligations - Every school administrator shall:

1. Perform his duties to the school by discharging his responsibilities in accordance with the philosophy, goals and objectives of the school.
2. Be accountable for the efficient and effective administration and management of the school.
3. Develop and maintain a healthy school atmosphere conducive to the promotion and preservation of academic freedom and effective teaching and learning, and to harmonious and progressive school-personnel relationship.
4. Assume and maintain professional behavior in his work and in dealing with students, teachers, academic non-teaching personnel, administrative staff, and parents or guardians.
5. Render adequate reports to teachers, academic non-teaching personnel and non-academic staff on their actual performance in relation to their expected performance and counsel them on ways of improving the same.

SIP: School Improvement Plan

This is an example of Five Year School Improvement Plan. It will provide idea and picture on how to create, implement, and evaluate school programs based on a targeted output on the plan. It will also help and guide future head of schools make and see the future of their school.

Sunday, July 15, 2012

The Teacher's Obligations

Teacher's obligations under government supervised schools.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
General Provisions for the Educational Community under Duties and Obligations; 

Section 16. Teacher's Obligations - Every teacher shall:
1. Perform his duties to the school by discharging his responsibilities in accordance with the philosophy, goals, and objectives of the school.
2. Be accountable for the efficient and effective attainment of specified learning objectives in pursuance of national development goals within the limits of available school resources.
3. Render regular reports on performance of each student and to the latter and the latter's parents and guardians with specific suggestions for improvement.
4. Assume the responsibility to maintain and sustain his professional growth and advancement and maintain professionalism in his behavior at all times.

Saturday, July 14, 2012

Duties and Responsibilities of Students

Duties and responsibilities of students under government supervised schools.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982) 
Educational Community under Duties and Obligations; 
Section 15. Duties and Responsibilities of Students.- In addition to those provided under existing laws, every student shall;

  1. Exert his utmost to develop his potentialities for service, particularly by undergoing an education suited to his abilities, in order that he may become an asset to his family and to society.
  2. Uphold the academic integrity of the school, endeavor to achieve academic excellence and abide by the rules and regulations governing his academic responsibilities and moral integrity.
  3. Promote and maintain the peace and tranquility of the school by observing the rules of discipline, and by exerting efforts to attain harmonious relationships with fellow students, the teaching and academic staff and other school personnel.

Friday, July 13, 2012

The Duties of Parents

The duties of parents under government supervised institutions.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision for the Educational Community under Duties and Obligations;
Section 14. Duties of Parents. - In addition to those provided for under existing laws, all parents shall have the following duties and obligations;

  1. Parents, individually or collectively, through the school systems, shall help carry out the educational objectives in accordance with national goals.
  2. Parents shall be obliged to enable their children to obtain elementary education and shall strive to enable them to obtain secondary and higher education in the pursuance of the right formation of the youth.

The Rights of School


The rights of every school under government supervision.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision for the Educational Community under Rights;
Section 13. School Rights.- In addition to other rights provided for by law, schools shall enjoy the following;

  1. The right of their governing boards or lawful authorities to provide for the proper governance of the school and to adopt and enforce administrative or management systems.

Rights of School Administrators


Special rights of school administrators.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision for the Educational Community under Rights;
Section 12. Special Rights of School Administrators. -School administrators shall, in accordance with existing laws, regulations and policies of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, be accorded sufficient administrative discretion necessary for the efficient and effective performance of their functions.

Thursday, July 12, 2012

Rights and Privileges of Teaching and Academic Staff


Special Rights and Privileges of Teaching or Academic Staff under Government Schools

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provisions for the Educational Community under rights;
Section 11. Special Rights and/ or Privileges of Teaching or Academic Staff.- Further to the rights mentioned in the preceding section, every member of the teaching or academic staff shall enjoy the following rights and /or privileges.
  1. The right to be free from compulsory assignments not related to their duties as defined in their appointment or employment contracts, unless compensated therefor, conform-ably existing law.
  2. The right to intellectual property consistent with applicable laws.
  3. Teachers shall be deemed persons in authority when in the discharge of lawful duties and responsibilities, and shall therefore, be accorded due respect and protection.

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Rights of School Personnel


Rights of All School Personnel under Government Educational Institutions.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision for the Educational Community under Rights;
Section 10. Rights of all School Personnel.- In addition to other rights provided for by law, the following rights shall be enjoyed by all school personnel;

  1. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions, and to effective channels of communication with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution.
  2. The right to be provided free legal service by the appropriate government office in the case of public school personnel and through the school authorities concerned in the case of private school personnel, when charged in an administrative, civil and/or criminal proceedings by parties other than the school or regulatory authorities concerned for actions committed directly in the lawful discharged of professional duties and/ or in defense of school policies.

Monday, July 9, 2012

Rights of Students


Rights of Students Under Government Educational Institutions

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provisions for the Educational Community under Rights;
Section 9. Rights of Students in School.- In addition to other rights, the subject to the limitations prescribed by law and regulations, students and pupils in all  schools shall enjoy the following rights;

  1. The right to receive primarily through competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity.
  2. The right to freely choose their field of study subject to existing curricula and to continue their course therein up to graduation, except in cases of academic deficiency, or violation of disciplinary regulations.
  3. The right of the school guidance and counselling services for making decisions and selecting the alternatives in fields of work suited to his potentialities.
  4. The right to access to his own school records, the confidentiality of which the school shall maintain and preserve.

Rights of Parents


Rights of Parents Under Government Educational Institutions

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provisions for the Educational Community in Rights;
Section 8. Rights of Parents.- In addition to other rights under existing laws, all parents who have children enrolled in a school shall have the following rights;

  1. The right to organize by themselves and/or with teachers for the purpose of providing a forum for the discussion of matters relating to the total school program, and for ensuring the full cooperation of parents and teachers in the formulations and efficient implementation of such programs.

Sunday, July 8, 2012

Provisions on Community Participation

The rule and provisions for community participation..


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision for the Educational Community under Preliminary Provisions;
Section 7. Community Participation. Every educational institution shall provide for the establishment of appropriate bodies through which the members of the educational community may discuss relevant issues, and communicate information and suggestions for assistance and support of the school and for the promotion of their common interest.

Representatives from each sub-group of the educational community shall sit and participate in these bodies,

Policy and Objectives for Education


Declaration of Policy and Objectives on Provision of Educational Community.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision of the Educational Community in Preliminary Provisions;
Section 5. Declaration of Policy and Objectives. It is likewise declared government policy to foster, at all times, a spirit of shared purposes and cooperation among the members and elements of educational community, and between the community and other sectors of society, in the realization that only in such an atmosphere can the true goals and objectives of education be fulfilled.

Moreover, the State shall:
  1. Aid and support the natural right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth through the educational system.
  2. Promote and safeguard the welfare and interests of the students by defining their rights and obligations, according to privileges, encouraging the establishment of sound relationships between them and the other members of the school community.

Saturday, July 7, 2012

Terms and Definition in Educational Supervision


The Definition and Coverage of Provisions in Educational Community.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provision of the Educational Community in Preliminary Provisions;
Section 6. Definition and Coverage. "Educational community" refers to those persons or groups of persons as such, or associated in institutions involved in organized teaching and learning systems.

The members and elements of the educational community are:
  1. "Parents" or guardians or the head of the institution or foster home which has custody of the pupil or student.
  2. "Students" or those enrolled in and who regularly attend an educational institution of secondary or higher level or a person engaged in formal study. "Pupils" are those who regularly attend a school of elementary level under the supervision and tutelage of  a teacher.
  3. "School personnel," or all persons working for an educational institution, which includes the following.
        a. "Teaching or academic staff," or all persons engaged in actual teaching and/or research assignments, either on full-time or part-time basis, in all levels of the educational system.
        b. "School administrators," or all persons occupying policy-implementing positions having to do with the functions of the school in all levels.

Friday, July 6, 2012

Declaration of Basic Policy


The Policy and Objectives on the Provision of Free Basic Education (Education Act of 1982).
Stating the Right of every Filipino Citizen to have FREE access to basic education in all government schools.


Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 (Education of 1982)
General Provisions of the Declaration of Basic State Policy and Objectives.
The Section 3. Declaration of Basic Policy. It is the policy of the state to establish and maintain a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the goals of national development. Toward this end, the government shall ensure, within the context of free and democratic system, maximum contribution of the educational system to the attainment of the following national development goals:

  1. To achieve and maintain an accelerating rate of economic development and social progress;
  2. To assure the maximum participation of all the people in the attainment and enjoyment of the benefits of such growth; and
  3. To achieve and strengthen national unity and consciousness and preserve, develop and promote desirable cultural, moral and spiritual values in a changing world.
The state shall promote the right of every individual to relevant quality education, regardless of sex, age, creed, socio-economic status, physical and mental conditions, racial or ethnic origin, political or other affiliation. The shall therefore promote and maintain equality of access to education as well as the enjoyments

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